Abstract


Bookmark and Share

Effects of antihypertensive-drug class on interindividual variation in blood pressure and risk of stroke: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Webb AJ, Fischer U, Mehta Z, Rothwell PM.
Lancet 2010;375:906-15


INTRODUCTION: Unexplained differences between classes of antihypertensive drugs in their effectiveness in preventing stroke might be due to class effects on intraindividual variability in blood pressure. We did a systematic review to assess any such effects in randomised controlled trials. METHODS: Baseline and follow-up data for mean (SD) of systolic blood pressure (SBP) were extracted from trial reports. Effect of treatment on interindividual variance (SD2) in blood pressure (a surrogate for within-individual variability), expressed as the ratio of the variances (VR), was related to effects on clinical outcomes. Pooled estimates were derived by use of random-effects meta-analysis. FINDINGS: Mean (SD) SBP at follow-up was reported in 389 (28%) of 1372 eligible trials. There was substantial heterogeneity between trials in VR (p<1 x 10(-40)), 68% of which was attributable to allocated drug class. Compared with other drugs, interindividual variation in SBP was reduced by calcium-channel blockers (VR 0.81, 95% CI 0.76-0.86, p<0.0001) and non-loop diuretic drugs (0.87, 0.79-0.96, p=0.007), and increased by angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors (1.08, 1.02-1.15, p=0.008), angiotensin-receptor blockers (1.16, 1.07-1.25, p=0.0002), and beta blockers (1.17, 1.07-1.28, p=0.0007). Compared with placebo only, interindividual variation in SBP was reduced the most by calcium-channel blockers (0.76, 0.67-0.85, p<0.0001). Effects were consistent in parallel group and crossover design trials, and in analyses of dose-response. Across all trials, effects of treatment on VR of SBP (r2=0.372, p=0.0006) and on mean SBP (r2=0.328, p=0.0015) accounted for effects on stroke risk (eg, odds ratio 0.79, 0.71-0.87, p<0.0001, for VR< or =0.80), and both remained significant in a combined model. INTERPRETATION: Drug-class effects on interindividual variation in blood pressure can account for differences in effects of antihypertensive drugs on risk of stroke independently of effects on mean SBP. FUNDING: None.

 

Lancet 2010;375:906-15

 


Area Soci

Eventi

31° Congresso Nazionale 2017


31° Congresso Nazionale 2017

Palermo, 19-21 novembre 2017
Programma completo

[continua a leggere]

Congresso SISA Sezione Piemonte, Liguria e Valle d’Aosta

Genova, 2 Dicembre 2017

[continua a leggere]

Congresso Regionale SISA Sezione Campania

Napoli, 9 Novembre 2017

[continua a leggere]

Congresso Regionale SISA Sezione Lombardia

Milano, 19-21 Ottobre 2017
Assegnati i premi

[continua a leggere]

Giornale Italiano Arteriosclerosi

Rivista in lingua italiana
riservata ai Soci S.I.S.A.
Ultimo numero:
Anno 8 • N.4/2017

[continua a leggere]

Rivista NMCD

Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases

Istruzioni per l'accesso online

IF 2015: 3.390


Newsletter

Per essere informati sulle novità di S.I.S.A. iscrivetevi alla nostra newsletter inserendo
il vostro indirizzo di posta elettronica

Progetto LIPIGEN

LIPIGEN
Nuovo sito dedicato al Progetto LIPIGEN

 

Progetto LIPIGEN - Vecchio portale
E' necessario essere loggati come utente
Lipigen per poter accedere alla pagina

PROject Statin Intolerance SISA

 

PROSISA – PROject Statin Intolerance SISA
E' necessario essere loggati come utente
PROSISA per poter accedere alla pagina

GILA - Lipoprotein Aferesi

 

Gruppo Interdisciplinare Lipoprotein Aferesi
(Accesso Gruppo GILA-Lipoprotein Aferesi)

E' necessario essere loggati come utente del Gruppo GILA per poter accedere

 

Gruppo Interdisciplinare Lipoprotein Aferesi
(Documentazione ad accesso libero)

Pagina informativa per medici e pazienti