Abstract


Bookmark and Share

Evolocumab and Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Cardiovascular Disease

Sabatine MS, Giugliano RP, Keech AC, Honarpour N, Wiviott SD, Murphy SA, Kuder JF, Wang H, Liu T, Wasserman SM, Sever PS, Pedersen TR; FOURIER Steering Committee and Investigators
N Engl J Med. 2017 Epub ahead of print


Background Evolocumab is a monoclonal antibody that inhibits proprotein convertase subtilisin-kexin type 9 (PCSK9) and lowers low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels by approximately 60%. Whether it prevents cardiovascular events is uncertain.
Methods We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial involving 27,564 patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and LDL cholesterol levels of 70 mg per deciliter (1.8 mmol per liter) or higher who were receiving statin therapy. Patients were randomly assigned to receive evolocumab (either 140 mg every 2 weeks or 420 mg monthly) or matching placebo as subcutaneous injections. The primary efficacy end point was the composite of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, stroke, hospitalization for unstable angina, or coronary revascularization. The key secondary efficacy end point was the composite of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke. The median duration of follow-up was 2.2 years.
Results At 48 weeks, the least-squares mean percentage reduction in LDL cholesterol levels with evolocumab, as compared with placebo, was 59%, from a median baseline value of 92 mg per deciliter (2.4 mmol per liter) to 30 mg per deciliter (0.78 mmol per liter) (P<0.001). Relative to placebo, evolocumab treatment significantly reduced the risk of the primary end point (1344 patients [9.8%] vs. 1563 patients [11.3%]; hazard ratio, 0.85; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.79 to 0.92; P<0.001) and the key secondary end point (816 [5.9%] vs. 1013 [7.4%]; hazard ratio, 0.80; 95% CI, 0.73 to 0.88; P<0.001). The results were consistent across key subgroups, including the subgroup of patients in the lowest quartile for baseline LDL cholesterol levels (median, 74 mg per deciliter [1.9 mmol per liter]). There was no significant difference between the study groups with regard to adverse events (including new-onset diabetes and neurocognitive events), with the exception of injection-site reactions, which were more common with evolocumab (2.1% vs. 1.6%).
Conclusions In our trial, inhibition of PCSK9 with evolocumab on a background of statin therapy lowered LDL cholesterol levels to a median of 30 mg per deciliter (0.78 mmol per liter) and reduced the risk of cardiovascular events. These findings show that patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease benefit from lowering of LDL cholesterol levels below current targets.

 

 

N Engl J Med. 2017 [Epub ahead of print]

 

 


Area Soci

Eventi

35° Congresso Nazionale


35° Congresso Nazionale

Virtual Edition, 28-30_Novembre 2021
Programma completo

[continua a leggere]

Congresso Regionale SISA Sezione Siculo-Calabra

Lamezia Terme, 4 Novembre 2021

[continua a leggere]

Congresso Regionale SISA Sezione Lombardia

Milano, 7-9 Ottobre 2021
Abstract deadline

[continua a leggere]

Congresso Regionale SISA Sezione Sardegna

Sassari, 8-9 Ottobre 2021

[continua a leggere]

Congresso Regionale SISA Sezione Lazio

Roma. 9 Ottobre 2021

[continua a leggere]

Congresso Regionale SISA Sezione Emilia Romagna

18 settembre 2021
Live streaming

[continua a leggere]

SISA LIPID ACADEMY - Corso avanzato di lipidologia clinica

Digital Edition  1-3 Luglio 2021

[continua a leggere]

Giornale Italiano Arteriosclerosi

Rivista in lingua italiana
riservata ai Soci S.I.S.A.
Ultimo numero:
Anno 12 • N.4/2021

[continua a leggere]

HoFH today

Rivista Italiana della
Ipercolesterolemia
Familiare Omozigote
Anno 3 • N.1/2021

[continua a leggere]

Rivista NMCD

Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases

Istruzioni per l'accesso online

IF 2018: 3.340


Diateca

EAS Advanced Course in Rare Lipid Disease
[continua a leggere]
Progetto vincitore della Borsa di Studio "Andrea Mezzetti" 2019 - C. Marchi
[continua a leggere]

Newsletter

Per essere informati sulle novità di S.I.S.A. iscrivetevi alla nostra newsletter inserendo
il vostro indirizzo di posta elettronica

Progetto LIPIGEN

LIPIGEN
Nuovo sito dedicato al Progetto LIPIGEN

 

Progetto LIPIGEN - Vecchio portale
E' necessario essere loggati come utente
Lipigen per poter accedere alla pagina

PROject Statin Intolerance SISA

 

PROSISA – PROject Statin Intolerance SISA
E' necessario essere loggati come utente
PROSISA per poter accedere alla pagina

GILA - Lipoprotein Aferesi

 

Gruppo Interdisciplinare Lipoprotein Aferesi
(Accesso Gruppo GILA-Lipoprotein Aferesi)

E' necessario essere loggati come utente del Gruppo GILA per poter accedere

 

Gruppo Interdisciplinare Lipoprotein Aferesi
(Documentazione ad accesso libero)

Pagina informativa per medici e pazienti